Resilient people have brains that are distinct in their structure and function, providing clues for how to build resilience
Cognitive reappraisal is when we reframe our initial perceptions of a stressful situation, in order to reduce the event’s emotional impact on us. For example, if you looked at a picture of a person hurt in an accident, you could try to reduce your negative emotional reaction by imagining that the person is just an actor wearing make-up rather than someone who was truly hurt. Individuals who use cognitive reappraisal report greater psychological wellbeing and higher-quality relationships, so perhaps this offers another clue for how to increase resilience.
being able to focus and recall specific positive memories could have a protective function. In line with this idea, researchers recently found that vulnerable teenagers at risk of depression (because of stress early in life) were less likely to develop depression during the course of the study if they were able to recall specific positive memories when prompted